Nelson Mandela was one of greatest heroes in the world’s history. He was the first black president of South Africa. Nelson Mandela pushed past racism and 27 years in prison to achieve his goal of leading his country out of the government’s white oppression. He brought South Africa together after it endured much physical and mental segregation.
Mandela was faced with lots of obstacles that could have stopped him from achieving his goal. For example, Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison because he charged with guerrilla war actions and vandalism. Penny Johnson explains, “…sentenced to life imprisonment. They were flown to Robbin Island.” For 27 years sat in prison unable to do anything but plane the new democracy for South Africa. Furthermore, because Mr. Mandela worked and was in prison so much his family didn’t see him that often. The NelsonMandela.com states.“…and some of them never really got to see their father at all as he was in prison for most of their lives.” Nelson Mandela wasn’t just faced with challenges outside of his personal life but in his too. In addition, Police brutality was extreme that so many black South African citizens were killed they lost count. The article, The Police And The Violence In South Africa,“In 1992, forty-four people were murdered every day in South Africa. In the years since State President F W De Klerk made his dramatic reform announcement, more than eight South Africans have died daily as a result of political violence.” Nelson Mandela was arrested so many times mostly because of the police brutality. Black citizens were harassed and shot for peacefully protesting. This is part of why Nelson Mandela when over to violent protesting. There were many challenges Nelson Mandela faced but pushed past to achieve his goal.
Nelson Mandela overcame the white government’s oppression in South Africa by using different methods of protesting. For example, in South Africa the white government was very racist. They made laws that particularly targeted the black community. It didn’t matter what your personality was, all that mattered was your skin pigmentation. The article Apartheid from History states, “By 1950, the government had banned marriages between whites and people of other races, and prohibited sexual relations between black and white South Africans. The Population Registration Act of 1950 provided the basic framework for apartheid by classifying all South Africans by race.” Nelson Mandela had to change one of the biggest laws in South Africa and he wasn’t even president yet. For that matter, had no legislative seat in the government. In addition, Nelson Mandela and the ANC (African National Congress) needed supporters for the nonviolent push for equal rights and a democracy. Encyclopedia Britannica states, “He traveled throughout the country as part of the campaign, trying to build support for nonviolent means of protest against the discriminatory laws.” Nelson Mandela’s main form of protest was nonviolent. This nonviolent tactic eventually led him to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. Furthermore, in 1960 South Africa experienced police brutality to black citizens on a massive scale. This lit a fuse in Mandela that made him switch from nonviolent to violent. Encyclopedia Britannica also describes, “After the massacre of unarmed black South Africans by police forces at Sharpeville in 1960 and the subsequent banning of the ANC, Mandela abandoned his nonviolent stance and began advocating acts of sabotage against the South African regime.” Nelson Mandela used tried new tactics to push for equal rights, even if those tactics were illegal. He put stopping racism and fighting for equal rights in front of his own safety. Some argue that Nelson Mandela shouldn’t have given up on nonviolence. They are wrong because when that much racism is shown you lose hope and become angry. You feel like it’s time for something new.
The Apartheid in South Africa was overcome by Nelson Mandela using different forms of protesting. For example, in South Africa racism was everywhere. The government made laws so that everything was segregated. The Penny Johnson states, “Not only living areas but transport, hospitals, schools, colleges, beaches and even park benches were segregated, with all the better facilities kept for whites.” South Africa was in a deep hole that the white government had made and Nelson Mandela wanted to help his country. Furthermore, when Nelson Mandela became president he thought that the human rights in South Africa was messed up. History claims, “As president, Mandela established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate human rights and political violations committed by both supporters and opponents of apartheid between 1960 and 1994. Manela got to work right away to help South Africa out of the apartheid. The apartheid was racial segregation for almost everything. The white community was especially well treated and the black very poorly. In addition, Nelson Mandela wanted to end and heal South Africa from the apartheid. The apartheid promoted racism and Nelson Mandela’s enemy was racism. Encyclopedia Britannica states, “His negotiations in the early 1990s with South African Pres. F.W. de Klerk helped end the country’s apartheid system of segregation and ushered in a peaceful transition to majority rule.” Nelson Mandela was given the Nodal Peace Prize because he healed his country so well from the deep wounds of the apartheid. After Nelson Mandela spent 27 years in prison he wasn’t going to abandon his goal of bringing his country together.
Nelson Mandela fought for a goal to bring the country of South Africa together. Mr. Mandela didn’t stop because of the waterfall of challengers, he kept going because those challenges just gave him more reason to keep fighting. He thought that the black community of South Africa had enough of being oppressed by the white community and the white government. Mandela quotes, “The time will come when our nation will honor the memory of all the sons, the daughters, the mothers, the fathers, the youth and the children who, by their thoughts and deeds, gave us the right to assert with pride that we are South Africans, that we are Africans, and that we are citizens of the world.”